CM Literary Club Jane Austen
Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen’s plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favorable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humor and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critiques, scholars and popular audiences. With the publication of Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park and Emma, she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two other novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818 and began another, eventually titled Sanditon, but died before its completion. She also left behind three volumes of June writings in manuscript, the short epistolary novel Lady Susan and another unfinished novel The Watsons. Her six full-length novels have rarely been out of print, although they were published anonymously and brought her moderate success and little fame during her lifetime. A significant transition in her posthumous reputation occurred in 1833, when her novels were republished in Richard Bentley’s standard Novel series, illustrated by Ferdinand Pickering and sold as a set. They gradually gained wider acclaim and popular leadership. In 1869. Fifty-two years after her death, her nephew’s publication of A Memoir of Jane Austen introduced a compelling version of her writing career and supposedly uneventful life to an eager audience.Austenhasinspiredmanycriticalessaysandliteraryanthologies.Hernovelshave
inspired many films from 1940’s Pride and Prejudice to more recent productions like Sense and Sensibility, Emma, Mansfield Park, Love & Friendship. Her novels have also inspired many TV adaptations.